## Research Interests

(1) Energy Science. Application of electrorheology for efficient energy production, transportation and conservation, including reducing crude oil viscosity, suppressing turbulence in pipeline, and improving engine efficiency.

(2) Reducing blood viscosity with magnetic field to prevent heart attacks. High blood viscosity is the common thread linking all vascular disease. Our study has found that application of strong magnetic field along the blood flow direction can effectively reduce blood viscosity to prevent heart attack.

(3) Smart Fluids, electrorheological (ER) and magnetorheological (MR) fluids

(4) Superconductors in a strong electric field. Investigate the fundamental physics related to the interactions between superconductors and static or quasi-static electric field and further explore the potential applications.

(5) Nuclear Detection. Investigate the ionization of local atmosphere surrounding hidden nuclear materials and develop new technology for nuclear detection.

(6) Nonlinear Optics. The goal of this project is to convert laser beams into coherent vacuum ultraviolet or soft x-ray radiation by second-harmonic generation of nonlinear optical crystals.

(2) Reducing blood viscosity with magnetic field to prevent heart attacks. High blood viscosity is the common thread linking all vascular disease. Our study has found that application of strong magnetic field along the blood flow direction can effectively reduce blood viscosity to prevent heart attack.

(3) Smart Fluids, electrorheological (ER) and magnetorheological (MR) fluids

(4) Superconductors in a strong electric field. Investigate the fundamental physics related to the interactions between superconductors and static or quasi-static electric field and further explore the potential applications.

(5) Nuclear Detection. Investigate the ionization of local atmosphere surrounding hidden nuclear materials and develop new technology for nuclear detection.

(6) Nonlinear Optics. The goal of this project is to convert laser beams into coherent vacuum ultraviolet or soft x-ray radiation by second-harmonic generation of nonlinear optical crystals.

## Key Publications

R. Tao, E. Du, H. Tang, X. Xu “Neutron scattering studies of crude oil viscosity reduction with electric field,”, Fuel, V.134, pp493-498 (2014).

R. Tao and H. Tang, “Reducing viscosity of paraffin base crude oil with electric field for oil production and transportation”, Fuel, V.118, pp 69-72 (2014) .

R. Tao & K. Huang, “Reducing blood viscosity with magnetic fields,” Physical Review E, V84, 011905: 1-5 (2011).

R. Tao, “Electrorheology for efficient energy production and conservation,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structure s, V22, 1667-1671 (2011).

R. Tao, K. Hunag, H. Tang, and D. Bell, “Electrorheology leads to efficient combustion,” Energy & Fuels (to appear on Nov. 19, 2008).

R. Tao and X. Xu, “Reducing the viscosity of crude oil by pulsed electric or magnetic field,” Energy & Fuels, 20, 2046-2051 (2006).

R. Tao, "Super-strong Magnetorheological Fluids", Journal of Physics:Condensed Matter Physics, V13, R979-R999 (2001).

R. Tao, X. Zhang, X. Tang, and P. W. Anderson, "Formation of High Temperature Superconducting Balls," Phys. Rev. Lett. V. 83, 5575-78 (1999).

T. J. Chen, R. N. Zitter, and R. Tao, "Second Harmonic Generation of Nonlinear Optical Crystals in Vacuum Ultraviolet and X-Ray Region," Phys. Rev. A V51 706-711 (1995).

R. Tao and Q. Jiang "Simulation of Structure Formation in an Electrorheological Fluid,", Phys. Rev. Lett. V73, 205-208 (1994).

T. J. Chen, R. N. Zitter, and R. Tao, "Laser Diffraction Determination of the Crystalline Structure of an Electrorheological Fluid," Phys. Rev. Lett. V68, 2555-2558 (1992).

R. Tao and J. M. Sun, "Three-dimensional Structure of Induced Electrorheological Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. V67, 398-401 (1991).

R. Tao and A. Widom, "Integral and fractional quantization of a class of quantum systems," Phys. Rev. B V35, 9853-9855 (1987).

R. Tao and D. J. Thouless, "Fractional quantization of Hall conductance," Phys. Rev. B V28, 1142-1144 (1983).

R. Tao and H. Tang, “Reducing viscosity of paraffin base crude oil with electric field for oil production and transportation”, Fuel, V.118, pp 69-72 (2014) .

R. Tao & K. Huang, “Reducing blood viscosity with magnetic fields,” Physical Review E, V84, 011905: 1-5 (2011).

R. Tao, “Electrorheology for efficient energy production and conservation,” Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structure s, V22, 1667-1671 (2011).

R. Tao, K. Hunag, H. Tang, and D. Bell, “Electrorheology leads to efficient combustion,” Energy & Fuels (to appear on Nov. 19, 2008).

R. Tao and X. Xu, “Reducing the viscosity of crude oil by pulsed electric or magnetic field,” Energy & Fuels, 20, 2046-2051 (2006).

R. Tao, "Super-strong Magnetorheological Fluids", Journal of Physics:Condensed Matter Physics, V13, R979-R999 (2001).

R. Tao, X. Zhang, X. Tang, and P. W. Anderson, "Formation of High Temperature Superconducting Balls," Phys. Rev. Lett. V. 83, 5575-78 (1999).

T. J. Chen, R. N. Zitter, and R. Tao, "Second Harmonic Generation of Nonlinear Optical Crystals in Vacuum Ultraviolet and X-Ray Region," Phys. Rev. A V51 706-711 (1995).

R. Tao and Q. Jiang "Simulation of Structure Formation in an Electrorheological Fluid,", Phys. Rev. Lett. V73, 205-208 (1994).

T. J. Chen, R. N. Zitter, and R. Tao, "Laser Diffraction Determination of the Crystalline Structure of an Electrorheological Fluid," Phys. Rev. Lett. V68, 2555-2558 (1992).

R. Tao and J. M. Sun, "Three-dimensional Structure of Induced Electrorheological Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. V67, 398-401 (1991).

R. Tao and A. Widom, "Integral and fractional quantization of a class of quantum systems," Phys. Rev. B V35, 9853-9855 (1987).

R. Tao and D. J. Thouless, "Fractional quantization of Hall conductance," Phys. Rev. B V28, 1142-1144 (1983).